What is Human Trafficking

The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) of 2000 created the first comprehensive law to address human trafficking. Below are its definitions:

Labor Trafficking

The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery

Sex Trafficking

The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act, in which the commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act has not attained 18 years of age

Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) 3Ps Objectives

  • Raise public awareness

  • Implement educational programs

  • Amend labor legislation

  • Strengthen cross-sector partnerships

  • Severe criminal penalties for traffickers

  • Mandatory minimums

  • Restitution

  • Topic-trained first responders

  • Comprehensive victim services

  • Immigration relief for foreign-born victims

  • Unofficial fourth P to combat trafficking in persons

  • Coalition building is detrimental in anti-trafficking in persons efforts

Human Trafficking Statutes

Federal Statutes

H.R 3244

Florida Statutes

787.06   787.29 

SB 286

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As defined by Federal law, modern day slavery can take many forms. Any activity induced to another person by force, fraud or coercion with the purpose of receiving a commercial gain in exchange for labor or service is considered human trafficking. However, there are several myths and misconceptions about this hidden crime. Not all forms of prostitution or smuggling turn into a trafficking situation.

Human Trafficking

  • Exploitation-based

  • Non-consensual

  • Person does not need to  travel anywhere

  • Exploitation occurs indefinitely

  • Crime against the person


  • Transportation-based

  • Consensual

  • Person is transported through international borders

  • Ends when the person has crossed the border or paid a fee.

  • Crime against the border